Photoluminescence and electrical properties of bidirectional ZnO nanowires on Zn foils: Via a thermal oxidation method

Zhang Wei Wu, Shing Long Tyan, Hsin Hsien Chen, Jung Chun Andrew Huang, Chung Lin Wu, Chia Roong Lee, Ting Shan Mo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ZnO nanowires (NWs) were directly grown on ductile zinc foils through a two-step process: (a) large, thin, and ductile Zn foils were fabricated from a mixture of Zn and ZnO powders; and (b) ZnO NWs were produced by thermal oxidation at temperatures of 300-600 °C. The ZnO NWs presented preferential growth in the [101] orientation. The highly crystalline NWs synthesized at 500 °C exhibited a bidirectional mode with an angle of approximately 60° between their longitudinal axes. On foils oxidized at 600 °C, the NWs evolved into nanotowers. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra showed strong peaks at approximately 368 nm and weaker peaks at approximately 374 nm in the UV region; moreover, a broad deep-level-related green emission peak was recorded at approximately 520 nm in the visible region. The PL green emission line was strongly suppressed for the samples produced at higher oxidation temperatures, which indicated good optical qualities. These good optical qualities, combined with the bidirectional mode and the ductility of the foil, are expected to be useful for flexible planar device applications. The electrical properties of a single ZnO NW were investigated. I-V measurements revealed the Schottky characteristics of the NWs and the resistivity of the ZnO NWs was measured to be ∼93 Ω cm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5807-5812
Number of pages6
JournalRSC Advances
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Metal foil
Nanowires
Photoluminescence
Electric properties
Oxidation
Hot Temperature
Thermooxidation
Crystal orientation
Powders
Ductility
Zinc
Crystalline materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Photoluminescence and electrical properties of bidirectional ZnO nanowires on Zn foils: Via a thermal oxidation method",
abstract = "ZnO nanowires (NWs) were directly grown on ductile zinc foils through a two-step process: (a) large, thin, and ductile Zn foils were fabricated from a mixture of Zn and ZnO powders; and (b) ZnO NWs were produced by thermal oxidation at temperatures of 300-600 °C. The ZnO NWs presented preferential growth in the [101] orientation. The highly crystalline NWs synthesized at 500 °C exhibited a bidirectional mode with an angle of approximately 60° between their longitudinal axes. On foils oxidized at 600 °C, the NWs evolved into nanotowers. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra showed strong peaks at approximately 368 nm and weaker peaks at approximately 374 nm in the UV region; moreover, a broad deep-level-related green emission peak was recorded at approximately 520 nm in the visible region. The PL green emission line was strongly suppressed for the samples produced at higher oxidation temperatures, which indicated good optical qualities. These good optical qualities, combined with the bidirectional mode and the ductility of the foil, are expected to be useful for flexible planar device applications. The electrical properties of a single ZnO NW were investigated. I-V measurements revealed the Schottky characteristics of the NWs and the resistivity of the ZnO NWs was measured to be ∼93 Ω cm.",
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Photoluminescence and electrical properties of bidirectional ZnO nanowires on Zn foils : Via a thermal oxidation method. / Wu, Zhang Wei; Tyan, Shing Long; Chen, Hsin Hsien; Huang, Jung Chun Andrew; Wu, Chung Lin; Lee, Chia Roong; Mo, Ting Shan.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 7, No. 10, 01.01.2017, p. 5807-5812.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wu, Zhang Wei

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AU - Chen, Hsin Hsien

AU - Huang, Jung Chun Andrew

AU - Wu, Chung Lin

AU - Lee, Chia Roong

AU - Mo, Ting Shan

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