Photoluminescence enhancement of Y3Al5O 12:Ce nanoparticles using HMDS

Yung Tang Nien, Kun Ming Chen, In Gann Chen, Tai Yuan Lin

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Coprecipitated Y3Al5O12:Ce (YAG:Ce) nanoparticles, treated with hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) at 150°C for 1 h in an autoclave and then fired at 980°C, showed an enhanced photoluminescence (PL) intensity compared with pure YAG:Ce without any HMDS treatment. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed a shift of the (420) peak to a higher angle with more HMDS addition, indicating the decreasing lattice parameter caused by the substitution of Al3+ sites with Si4+ ions in the YAG host. Transmission electron micrographs showed a smaller size and more dispersal of YAG:Ce nanoparticles with more HMDS addition, which was caused by OH-scavenging methyl siloxyl groups. Diffuse reflectivity showed identical absorption behavior for pure and HMDS-treated YAG:Ce, suggesting the same amount of Ce3+ activators in the YAG host. Therefore, the enhancement of the PL intensity of HMDS-treated YAG:Ce was supposed to be a result of an increasing diffusion and a homogeneous distribution of Ce3+ activators in YAG, due to the smaller Si4+ ions and the formation of Al3+ vacancies, based on the longer decay time measured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3599-3602
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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