Photonic management of silicon nanocylinder arrays to enhance photovoltaic performance

Shih Hsiu Chen, Kuan Yi Kuo, Ta Cheng Wei, Yu Pin Lin, Sung Yu Chen, Chia Yun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The light-matter interaction of subwavelength and periodic silicon (Si) nanostructures strongly correlates with their geometrical features, resulting in them being highly unsuitable for the practical development of Si-based photovoltaic applications. In this study, the concepts of effective medium and retrieval methods are needed to deal with the subwavelength periodic dielectric structure. Using finite-difference time-domain simulations, we study the interactions of electromagnetic radiation with a square array of dielectric rods parallel to the incident light, and the effective optical properties such as refractive index, permittivity, and permeability are calculated. Furthermore, the electric field distributions are also plotted for a deeper understanding of the energy changes within Si nanocylinder arrays (SiNCAs) under different incident wavelengths of radiation. By employing calculated optimized SiNCAs for the construction of hybrid solar cells, improved cell performances showing a conversion efficiency of 13.79% are demonstrated, with further estimation by electrical chemical measurements for a better understanding of the carrier transition. These are numerically and experimentally interpreted by the involvement of excellent light-trapping effects, delivering a method to design correlated photovoltaic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number495101
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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