Photopolymerization of 7,7′-coumarinyl polymethylene dicarboxylates: Fluorescence and kinetic study

Yun Chen, Rong Tzung Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


All eight 7,7′-(4-methylcoumarinyl) polymethylene dicarboxylates (3, 4) containing terminal photoreactive coumarin chromophores show strong fluorescence intensities at room temperature in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and CH2C12. After irradiation with 350 nm light for 2 h, the fluorescence characteristics of the dicarboxylates reveal their photopolymerization paths. On irradiation of the unsubstituted dicarboxylates (3) in DMSO, singlet excited state excimers are formed, leading to syn head-to-head coumarin dimer configuration. However, for all dicarboxylates in CH2Cl2, the dimerization of the coumarin chromophore proceeds via a triplet excited state in the presence of benzophenone to form the anti-configuration photoproducts. Further confirmations of the reaction mechanism are made by kinetic studies. At high concentration, photopolymerization of 7,7′-(4-methylcoumarinyl) polymethylene dicarboxylate (4c) obeys zero-order and first-order kinetics for coumarin chromophore and benzophenone, respectively. This is a powerful proof of the proposed mechanism of a triplet excited state reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2999-3008
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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