Photoreactivity of unfunctionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes involving hydroxyl radical: Chiral dependency and surface coating effect

Wen-Che Hou, Somayeh Beigzadehmilani, Chad T. Jafvert, Richard G. Zepp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have a variety of potential and demonstrated applications, and their production rates are increasing rapidly. This increase in production has motivated research on their transport and potential transformation and their toxicity in the environment. In this work, we examined the direct and indirect photoreactivity of SWCNTs under sunlight conditions. We found that the direct photoreactivity of pristine SWCNTs is generally low; however, indirect photoreaction involving ·OH may be significant in natural aquatic environments. Environmental photochemical reactions generating ·OH lead to distinct changes in SWCNT fluorescence efficiency in the near-infrared (NIR) region, Raman spectra, and light attenuation spectra in the UV, visible, and NIR regions, indicating that covalent functionalization of SWCNTs occurs the reactivity of SWCNTs to ·OH is dependent on the specific chiral structure of the SWCNTs and the surfactant associated with it. An operationally defined second-order rate constant (based on the decrease in NIR fluorescence signals) for all SWCNT chiral species reacting with ·OH was estimated to be (2.91 ± 1.30) × 1010 M-1s-1. Our work suggests that photochemical reactions may be a significant transformation pathway of SWCNTs in aquatic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3875-3882
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Photoreactivity
Carbon Nanotubes
hydroxyl radical
Hydroxyl Radical
coating
Coatings
near infrared
Photochemical reactions
Infrared radiation
fluorescence
Fluorescence
effect
carbon nanotube
light attenuation
Surface-Active Agents
aquatic environment
surfactant
Toxicity
Raman scattering
Rate constants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

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Photoreactivity of unfunctionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes involving hydroxyl radical : Chiral dependency and surface coating effect. / Hou, Wen-Che; Beigzadehmilani, Somayeh; Jafvert, Chad T.; Zepp, Richard G.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 48, No. 7, 01.04.2014, p. 3875-3882.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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