Physical activity and cognition in older adults: The potential of Tai Chi Chuan

Yu Kai Chang, Yu Hsiang Nien, Chia Liang Tsai, Jennifer L. Etnier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to review the potential of Tai Chi Chuan as a mode of physical activity that could have cognitive benefits for older adults and to provide potential directions for future research. A brief introduction to Tai Chi Chuan and its related physical benefits is provided. In addition, the empirical literature related to Tai Chi Chuan and cognition is reviewed. Potential mediators of the relationship between Tai Chi Chuan and cognition, including physical resources, disease status, and mental resources, are discussed. Based on the limitations of the extant literature, it is argued that future research in this area must provide more detailed descriptions of Tai Chi Chuan, particularly in terms of intensity and program progression. Consideration of the specific type of cognition that is expected to benefit is also encouraged, and approaches for further efforts to understand how Tai Chi Chuan affects cognition are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-472
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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