Physical exercise induces excess hsp72 expression and delays the development of hyperalgesia and allodynia in painful diabetic neuropathy rats

Yu Wen Chen, Pei Ling Hsieh, Yu Chung Chen, Ching-Hsia Hung, Juei Tang Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The underlying mechanism of exercise on the development of diabetes-associated neuropathic pain is not well understood. We investigated in rats whether exercise regulates the functional recovery and heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 expression in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. METHODS:: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: normal sedentary rats, normal rats with exercise, sedentary STZ-diabetic (SS) rats, and STZ-diabetic rats with exercise. Diabetes was induced with STZ (65 mg/kg IV). The trained rats ran daily on a treadmill 30 to 60 min/d with an intensity of 20 to 25 m/min. We monitored thermal withdrawal latency and mechanical withdrawal threshold as well as Hsp72, TNF-α, and IL-6 expression in the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. RESULTS:: Two weeks after STZ injection, sedentary rats exhibited a marked and sustained hypersensitivity to von Frey tactile and heat stimuli. In contrast, diabetic rats undergoing exercise demonstrated delayed progress of tactile and thermal hypersensitivity. Exercise significantly suppressed diabetes-induced blood glucose levels and body weight loss, although they were not restored to control levels.compared with normal sedentary rats, SS rats displayed significantly higher TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the spinal cord and peripheral nerves. The STZ-diabetic rats with exercise group showed greater Hsp72 expression and similar TNF-α or IL-6 level compared with the SS group in the spinal cord and peripheral nerves on day 14 after STZ treatment. CONCLUSIONS:: These results suggest that progressive exercise training markedly decreases diabetes-associated neuropathic pain, including thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia. In rats, this protective effect is related to the increase of Hsp72, but not TNF-α and IL-6, expression in the spinal cord and peripheral nerves of STZ-induced diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-490
Number of pages9
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Volume116
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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