Physical-layer network coding (PNC) is an attractive technique because it can significantly enhance the throughput of a wireless network with a relatively simple implementation, as compared with conventional network coding (NC) schemes. In this paper, we first investigate PNC with frequency shift keying (FSK) through the derivation of its bit-error rate (BER) and capacity, as well as the impact of imperfect synchronization to the overall performance. Based on the discussions on PNC with 2FSK, we then further expand the analysis to PNC with M-ary FSK (MFSK). Theoretical results indicate that the BER performance of PNC with 2FSK is a bit worse than that of PNC with 2PSK. As the constellation dimension M increases, the BER performance of PNC with M-ary FSK improves at the expense of bandwidth efficiency degradation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Automotive Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics