Physicochemical properties and osteogenic activity of radiopaque calcium silicate-gelatin cements

Chien Wen Wang, Ting Yi Chiang, Hsien Chang Chang, Shinn Jyh Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the physicochemical properties and in vitro osteogenic activity of radiopaque calcium silicate-gelatin cements. The radiopacity, setting time, working time, flow, diametral tensile strength, pH value, washout resistance and morphology of the cements with gelatin (0, 5 and 10 % by weight) were measured, which compared to a popular endodontic material, ProRoot white-colored mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA). The cell morphology, cell attachment and proliferation, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin levels on the cements were measured by culturing the specimens with dental pulp cells. The results indicated that the presence of gelatin significantly (P < 0.05) reduced radiopacity and diametral tensile strength and prolonged setting time. Nevertheless, the 5 wt% gelatin cement had a radiopacity (5.1 mm of Al thickness) higher than ISO 6876:2001 standards (3 mm of Al thickness). The setting time (33 min), working time (9 min) and flow value (17.4 mm) of the 5 wt% gelatin cement were significantly (P < 0.05) better than those of WMTA (corresponding 165, 6 min and 14.2 mm). The fresh WMTA completely degraded after soaking in a physiological solution for 1 h, while the gelatin cements resisted washout, showing no noticeable breakdown even after 1 day of soaking. The gelatin cement enhanced the higher expression of cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation as compared to WMTA. It was concluded that the 5 wt% gelatin-calcium silicate hybrid cement appears to be promising as a radiopaque biomaterial for medical applications such as endodontics and vertebroplasty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2193-2203
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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