Planar nearrings on the Euclidean plane

Wen Fong Ke, Hubert Kiechle, Günter Pilz, Gerhard Wendt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Planar near-rings are generalized rings which can serve as coordinate domains for geometric structures in which each pair of nonparallel lines has a unique point of intersection. It is known that all planar nearrings can be constructed from regular groups of automorphisms of groups which can be viewed as the “action groups” of the planar nearring. In this article, we study planar nearrings whose additive group is (Rn, +), in particular, n = 1 and 2. It is natural to study topological planar nearrings in this context, following ideas of the late Kenneth D. Magill, Jr. In the case of n = 1, we characterize all topological planar nearrings by their action groups ( R*,.)or( R,.). For n = 2, these action groups and the circle group ( U,.) seem to be the most interesting cases, but the last case can be excluded completely. As a consequence, we obtain characterizations of the semi-homogeneous continuous mappings from Rn to R for n = 1 and 2. Such a mapping f enjoys the property that f(f(u)v) = f(u)f(v) for all u,v ∈ Rn. When (Rn) R+, f is a positive homogeneous mapping of degree 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-599
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Geometry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geometry and Topology


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