Plasma p53 protein and anti-p53 antibody expression in vinyl chloride monomer workers in Taiwan

Jiin Chyuan John Luo, Hsien Ta Liu, Tsun Jen Cheng, Chung Li Du, Jung Der Wang

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vinyl chloride (VC) workers are known to be at risk for development of angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL), a rare tumor. Previously, a study of p53 gene mutations in tumors of VC-exposed workers found that 50% of liver angiosarcomas contained such mutations. Mutant p53 oncoprotein and anti-p53 antibodies can also be found in the sera of ASL patients and VC-exposed workers without cancer. Workers in Taiwan have also been exposed to VC, and some have contracted liver tumors. In this study, we used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays to detect mutant p53 protein and anti-p53 antibodies in the plasma of VC-exposed workers in Taiwan. Thirty-three of 251 (13.2%) VC- workers tested positive for the p53 overexpression (10% with positive mutant p53 protein and 3.6% with positive anti-p53) in their plasma, but only 2 of 36 controls (5.6%) tested positive (2.8% with positive mutant p53 protein and 2.8% with positive anti-p53). There was a significant association between cumulative VC exposure concentration and positive p53 expression (P = O. 032) among VC workers after we adjusted for age, hepatitis, drinking, and smoking status. In summary, P53 overexpression (mutant p53 protein or anti-p53 antibody) can be found in the plasma of VC workers in Taiwan, and a significant dose-response relationship exists between plasma p53 overexpression and VC cumulative exposure concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-526
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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