Plasma Pressure Distribution of Ions and Electrons in the Inner Magnetosphere During CIR Driven Storms Observed During Arase Era

Sandeep Kumar, Y. Miyoshi, V. K. Jordanova, L. M. Kistler, I. Park, C. Jun, T. Hori, K. Asamura, P. R. Shreedevi, S. Yokota, S. Kasahara, Y. Kazama, S. Y. Wang, Sunny W.Y. Tam, Tzu Fang Chang, T. Mitani, N. Higashio, K. Keika, A. Matsuoka, S. ImajoI. Shinohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using Arase observations of the inner magnetosphere during 26 CIR-driven geomagnetic storms with minimum Sym-H between −33 and −86 nT, we investigated ring current pressure development of ions (H+, He+, O+) and electron during prestorm, main, early recovery and late recovery phases as a function of L-shell and magnetic local time. It is found that during the main and early recovery phase of the storms the ion pressure is asymmetric in the inner magnetosphere, leading to a strong partial ring current. The ion pressure becomes symmetric during the late recovery phase. H+ ions with energies of ∼20–50 keV and ∼50–100 keV contribute more to the ring current pressure during the main phase and early/late recovery phase, respectively. O+ ions with energies of ∼10–20 keV contribute significantly during main and early recovery phase. These are consistent with previous studies. The electron pressure was found to be asymmetric during the main, early recovery and late recovery phase. The electron pressure peaks from midnight to the dawn sector. Electrons with energy of <50 keV contribute to the ring current pressure during the main and early recovery phase of the storms. Overall, the electron contribution to the total ring current is found to be ∼11% during the main and early recovery phases. However, the electron contribution is found to be significant (∼22%) in the 03–09 MLT sector during the main and early recovery phase. The results indicate an important role of electrons in the ring current build up.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2023JA031756
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume128
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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