Plasmasphere electron temperature - Observations and theory

T. Abe, N. Balan, Oyama Koichiro, G. J. Bailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electron temperature variations in the Earth's plasmasphere are studied using the EXOS-D satellite observations and the Sheffield University plasmasphere-ionosphere model. The observations made during 1989-1994 are analysed to investigate the local time and altitude (1000-8000 km) variations of electron temperature at magnetic latitudes 0-45°N. The observed electron temperature, Te, is almost constant during both day and night and is found to have large day-to-night differences that vary with altitude and latitude; the largest difference (∼ 6500 K/2600 K) occurs at the highest altitude at equatorial latitudes and the smallest difference (∼ 3300 K/2300 K) at the lowest altitude at mid latitudes. During daytime, Te increases rapidly with altitude in the lower plasmasphere (altitude < 2500 km) and slowly in the upper plasmasphere with mean gradients of 1.33 K km-1 and 0.22 K km-1, respectively. At night, on the other hand, the lower plasmasphere is in thermal equilibrium and in the upper plasmasphere Te increases slowly with a mean gradient equal to the daytime value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-405
Number of pages5
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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