The π-electronic excitations of graphite layers are studied within the random-phase approximation. They principally reflect the π-band characteristics, the strong wave-vector dependence, the anisotropic behavior, and the special symmetry. The π plasmons in graphite have strong dispersion relations with the transferred momentum (q). They behave as an optical plasmon in a three-dimensional electron gas at small q. Moreover, the anisotropic behavior at the plane is apparent at large q. For a single graphite layer, the π plasmons would disappear at very small q, and their frequencies are obviously reduced. The absence of interlayer Coulomb interactions is the main reason for this. The stage-1 graphite intercalation compounds (GICșs), as compared with graphite, exhibit the richer excitation spectra and the lower π-plasmon frequencies. They have the intraband plasmon as well as the interband π plasmon. These two kinds of plasmons are quite different from each other in certain respects, e.g., the cause of the plasmon. The enhanced interlayer distances could effectively reduce the π-plasmon frequency, but not the transferred charges. The calculated plasmon frequencies are consistent with the experimental measurements on graphite and stage-1 GIC"s.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics