Bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) are known to exhibit enhanced optical and catalytic properties that can be optimized by tailoring NP composition, size, and morphology. Galvanic deposition of a second metal onto a primary metal NP template is a versatile method for fabricating bimetallic NPs using a scalable, solution-based synthesis. We demonstrate that the galvanic displacement reaction pathway can be controlled through appropriate surface modification of the NP template. To synthesize bimetallic Au-Ag NPs, we used colloidal Ag NPs modified by layer-by-layer (LBL) assembled polyelectrolyte layers to template the reduction of HAuCl4. NPs terminated with positively and negatively charged polyelectrolytes yield highly contrasting morphologies and Au surface concentrations. We propose that these charged surface layers control galvanic charge transfer by controlling nucleation and diffusion at the deposition front. This surface-directed synthetic strategy can be advantageously used to tailor both overall NP morphology and Au surface concentrations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces