Polymorphic crystal forms and morphology of syndiotactic polystyrene in miscible states

E. M. Woo, Fu Sun Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

X-ray diffraction and optical microscopy characterization were performed to evaluate the phenomenon of alteration of polymorphism of syndiotactic polystyrene (s-PS) in the presence of other blending miscible polymers: poly(2,6-dimethyl-p-phenylene oxide) (PPO) or atactic polystyrene (a-PS). Both α and β crystal forms were observed in the neat s-PS sample, but only β-form crystal was found in miscible blends of s-PS with a-PS or PPO. The order and neighboring chain segments of neat s-PS are different from those of s-PS/PPO or s-PS/a-PS blends; thus, it is plausible that the greater randomness in the melt state of s-PS/a-PS or s-PS/PPO blends might be unfavorable for formation of α-form crystals from melts. The final spherulitic morphology the s-PS/a-PS or s-PS/PPO blends suggests that the amorphous-state miscibility of does not change much the spherulitic structure of s-PS. The radial growth rate is, in general, depressed with the presence of blending miscible polymers in s-PS of equal Tg or PPO of higher Tg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2725-2735
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume36
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Nov 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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