Mismatch repair (MMR) plays an important role in repairing nucleotide mismatches during DNA replication. Defects in MMR genes are associated with some sporadic tumors. MLH1 and MSH2 are two of the MMR genes. We conducted a case-control study to investigate the associations between the risk of lung cancer and genetic polymorphisms in the MLH1 and MSH2 genes. The SNP genotypes were determined in 730 lung cancer patients and 730 healthy controls that were frequency matched for the age, gender, and smoking status. Among the SNP polymorphisms, -93A>G (rs1800734), which is located in the promoter region of MLH1, was significantly associated with the risk of lung cancer. The GG genotype for MLH1 -93A>G was associated with a significantly increased risk of lung cancer compared with the AA genotype among the never-smoking group (adjusted OR. = 1.64, 95% CI. = 1.10-2.44; P = 0.013). Consistently, the haplotype of MLH1 with one -93G risk allele was associated with the risk of lung cancer compared with the AA haplotype among the never-smoking group. Furthermore, the risk of MLH1 -93A>G polymorphism in the never-smoking group related to lung adenocarcinoma was modulated by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure status, with a significant gene-ETS interaction (P = 0.042). No evidence was found of the association between MSH2 and the lung cancer risk. In conclusion, our data suggest that the MLH1 -93A>G polymorphism may contribute to the etiology of lung cancer, particularly in never smokers. This study also suggests that MLH1 -93A>G polymorphisms and ETS exposure have a role in the tumorigenesis of lung adenocarcinoma among never smokers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research