Preeclampsia (PE) occurs in women pregnant for more than 20 weeks with de novo hypertension and proteinuria, and is a devastating disease in maternal–fetal medicine. Cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α may play a key role in the pathogenesis of PE. We conducted this study to investigate the regulatory regions of the TNF genes, by investigating two promoter polymorphisms, TNFA-308G/A (rs1800629) and -238G/A (rs361525), known to influence TNF expression, and their relationship to PE. An observational, monocentric, case–control study was conducted. We retrospectively collected 74 cases of severe PE and 119 pregnant women without PE as control. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out for allele analysis. Higher A allele in women with PE was found in rs1800629 but not rs361525. In this study, we first found that polymorphism at the position -308, but not -238, in the promoter region of the TNF-α gene can contribute to severe PE in Taiwanese Han populations. The results of our study are totally different to previous Iranian studies, but have some similarity to a previous UK study. Further studies are required to confirm the roles of rs1800629 and rs361525 in PE with circulating TNF-α in PE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)