Posture control and balance during Tai Chi Chuan push hands movements in a fixed stance

Lin Hwa Wang, Kuo Cheng Lo, Fong Chin Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The present study investigated the adequacy of the interaction between the center of mass (COM) and the center of pressure (COP) for maintaining dynamic stability during Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) Push Hands movements in a fixed stance. The COM of the whole body and COP were calculated. Four TCC experts, with 10.3 ± 1.7 years' experience in the Push Hands technique, and 4 TCC beginners, with 2.5 ± 1.3 years' Push Hands experience, were recruited. An Expert Vision Eagle motion analysis system collected kinematic data and 4 Kistler force plates collected the ground reaction force data. The expert group of TCC practitioners showed a significantly more vertical (P = 0.001) direction in the neutralizing circle, and significantly larger values for anterior-posterior (A-P) (P = 0.006) and vertical (P = 0.0004) displacement in the enticing circle, than the beginner group. Compared with the beginner group, the expert group demonstrated significantly greater velocity A-P (P = 0.001) and vertical (P = 0.001) COM displacements in the enticing circle. A significant extent main effect (P = 0.0028) was observed for the COPA-P excursion between the expert and beginner groups during Push Hands movements. The greater A-P force generated by both groups during the initiation of the Push Hands cycle probably reflects the more rapid and forward-oriented nature of this movement. The TCC beginners might have difficulties with movement transfers because of disruptions in the temporal sequencing of the forces. Overall, results indicated that the initial experience-related differences in COM transfers are reflected in the Push Hands movement cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1250030
JournalJournal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Posture control and balance during Tai Chi Chuan push hands movements in a fixed stance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this