We explored the potential and limitations for applying an acoustic camera as the imaging instrument of particle tracking velocimetry. The strength of the acoustic camera is its usability in low-visibility environments where conventional optical cameras are ineffective, while its applicability is limited by lower temporal and spatial resolutions. We conducted a series of experiments in which acoustic and optical cameras were used to simultaneously image the rotational motion of tracer particles, allowing for a comparison of the acoustic- and optical-based velocities. The results reveal that the greater fluctuations associated with the acoustic-based velocities are primarily attributed to the lower temporal resolution. The positive and negative biases induced by the lower spatial resolution are balanced, with the positive ones greater in magnitude but the negative ones greater in quantity. These biases reduce with the increase in the mean particle velocity and approach minimum as the mean velocity exceeds the threshold value that can be sensed by the acoustic camera.
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