Potential role of Acanthamoeba Rab7

Zih Bin Hong, Jian Ming Huang, Chih Ming Tsai, Wei Chen Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Acanthamoeba castellanii is a free-living protozoan that causes several severe human parasitic diseases such as Acanthamoeba keratitis and granulomatous encephalitis. A. castellanii feeds on bacteria, yeasts, and other organic particles as food sources, but the mechanisms of digestion in acanthamoebal cells are unclear. Rab GTPases participate in endosomal delivery in eukaryotes after phagocytosis. This study aimed to determine the potential functions of A. castellanii Rab7 (AcRab7), which is involved in phagocytosis, and the relationship between AcRab7 and further cellular physiological phenomena. In this study, the inhibitor CID1067700 (CID) was used to specifically inhibit the binding of nucleotides to confirm the potential functions of AcRab7. Cellular proliferation and ATP assays were also used to detect underlying cellular physiological functions after blocking the phagocytosis pathway. We found that AcRab7 expression increased as the co-culture time with Escherichia coli increased. Immunofluorescence staining showed that AcRab7 colocalized with lysosomes in its GTP-activating form. In addition, AcRab7 inhibition resulted in a reduction in cell proliferation and ATP levels. Our results suggest that AcRab7 participates in endosomal delivery and dominates energy production and cell growth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108312
JournalExperimental Parasitology
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases


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