Background: Recent studies have shown that human copper transporter 1 (hCtr1), the major copper influx transporter, is involved in the transport of platinum-based antitumor agents. We investigated the predictive and prognostic values of hCtr1, and copper efflux transporters ATP7A and ATP7B, in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Methods: From 2004 to 2009, we identified 54 consecutive stage III NSCLC patients who underwent first-line platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. Immunohistochemical studies of hCtr1, ATP7A and ATP7B on the paraffin-embedded pre-treatment tumor samples were performed and correlated with chemotherapy response and survival. Results: Overexpression of hCtr1, ATP7A and ATP7B were observed in 68%, 48% and 74% of the participants, respectively. hCtr1 overexpression was associated with better chemotherapy responses (P< 0.01); whereas ATP7A and ATP7B were not. Patients with hCtr1 overexpressing tumors had better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (P= 0.01 and 0.047, respectively). In multivariate analyses for chemotherapy response and PFS, only hCtr1 overexpression emerged as a favorable independent predictive and prognostic factor (all P< 0.01). Conclusion: This is the first report to state that hCtr1 is not only an independent predictor of platinum-based chemotherapy response but also a prognostic factor in stage III NSCLC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research