Predictive control of seismic structures with semi-active friction dampers

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46 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper a predictive control method especially suitable for the control of semi-active friction dampers is proposed. By keeping the adjustable slip force of a semi-active friction damper slightly lower than the critical friction force, the method allows the damper to remain in its slip state throughout an earthquake of arbitrary intensity, so the energy dissipation capacity of the damper can be improved. The proposed method is formulated in a discrete-time domain and cast in the form of direct output feedback for easy control implementation. The control algorithm is able to produce a continuous and smooth slip force for a friction damper and thus avoid exerting the high-frequency structural response that usually exists in structures with conventional friction dampers. Using a numerical study, the control performance of a multiple degrees of freedom (DOF) structural system equipped with passive friction dampers and semi-active dampers controlled by the proposed method are compared. The numerical case shows that by merely using a single semi-active friction damper and a few sensors, the proposed method is able to achieve better acceleration reduction than the case using multiple passive dampers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-668
Number of pages22
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr 25

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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