Predictive value of left atrial deformation on prognosis in severe primary mitral regurgitation

Li Tan Yang, Yen Wen Liu, Jhih Yuan Shih, Yi Heng Li, Liang Miin Tsai, Chwan Yau Luo, Wei Chuan Tsai

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Impaired left atrial (LA) deformation is noted in patients with severe primary mitral regurgitation (MR), but its prognostic value is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of LA deformation parameters in patients with chronic severe primary MR. Methods A total of 104 patients with asymptomatic chronic severe primary MR (Carpentier type II) and preserved left ventricular systolic function were prospectively recruited. Global peak positive strain of the left atrium (LASp) and strain rate in the LA filling phase (LASRr) as well as strain rate in the LA conduit phase were identified using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. Results During a mean follow-up period of 13.2 ± 9.5 months, 22 patients reached a composite end point of death and mitral valve repair or replacement prompted by heart failure development. Among the clinical and echocardiographic parameters, LV end-systolic volume index (19.5 ± 9.5 vs 15.7 ± 6.3 mL/m2, P =.028), LASp (22.7 ± 10.4% vs 27.2 ± 9.1%, P =.049), and LASRr (1.97 ± 0.6 vs 2.33 ± 0.6 1/sec, P =.013) varied between the two groups in terms of end points but not age, LA volume index, left ventricular ejection fraction, pulmonary artery systolic pressure, and presence of atrial fibrillation. After multivariate analysis, low LASp (odds ratio, 3.606; 95% CI, 1.294-10.052; P =.014) and low LASRr (odds ratio, 2.857; 95% CI, 1.078-7.572; P =.035) remained powerful outcome indicators. Conclusions In patients with asymptomatic severe primary MR, reduced LASp and LASRr predicted a worse prognosis. These findings may offer additional information to guide early surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1309-1317.e4
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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