Predictors of Remission in Severe Childhood Immune Thrombocytopenia

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Childhood immune thrombocytopenia (ITP; platelet count < 100 × 109/L) is the most common bleeding disorder in children. A total of 3–5% of children with ITP face a greater risk of bleeding, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Childhood ITP is often benign and self-limited; however, children with severe ITP (platelet count < 30 × 109/L) require investigation and monitoring. In addition, 20% of ITP patients may not go into remission (platelet counts < 100 × 109/L by 12 months after diagnosis) and may develop chronic ITP. The early identifying predictors associated with the resolution of severe ITP at the time of diagnosis may be helpful for family guidance. However, there is still controversy about the associations between the clinical factors at the time of initial diagnosis and the definitions of disease remission assessed at different timepoints after diagnosis. This retrospective study aimed to analyze the shared clinical factors among the disease remission definitions at three arbitrarily set timepoints—3, 6, and 12 months after diagnosis. This study retrieved records for hospitalized children aged under 18 years and diagnosed with ITP from the hospital registry in a tertiary university hospital. Clinical variables were recorded by reviewing the medical records with structured data entry for ITP admission. The serial follow-up platelet counts within 12 months after diagnosis were recorded. The times of ITP remission were identified by experienced pediatric hematologists. Patients with mild-form ITP (platelet counts ≥ 30 × 109/L) at diagnosis or who were lost to follow-up within 3 months were excluded. From 1988 to 2019, 546 children were enrolled, and a total of 497 children with severe ITP were included in the further analysis. In total, one (0.2%) died of an intracranial hemorrhage, 363 (73.2%) children went into remission at 3 months, 40 (8.1%) went into remission between 6 and 12 months, and 104 (20.9%) developed chronic ITP. The shared significant predictors for remission by the third, sixth, and twelfth months included pre-adolescent age (<10 years) at diagnosis, abrupt onset (duration of symptoms prior to admission ≤ 2 weeks), and speedy recovery (platelet count > 100 × 109/L at 1 month post diagnosis). ITP patients with positive viral serology tests or vaccination within 4 weeks had trends of delayed remission. In conclusion, diagnosis before preadolescent age, abrupt onset, and speedy recovery may share favorable factors for the remission of childhood ITP assessed at different timepoints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number341
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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