Preparation and characterization of photoreactive copolymers containing curable pendants for positive photoresist

Jui Hsiang Liu, Seng Hei Lin, Jen Chieh Shih

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8 Citations (Scopus)


tert-Butyl methacrylate (TBMA) was copolymerized with various comonomers that were selected from methyl methacrylate (MMA), n-butyl acrylate (NBA), acrylic acid (AA), and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA). From film physical properties, poly(TBMA-co-HEMA) and poly(TBMA-co-AA-co-NBA), were selected as resin binders. To introduce unsaturated double bonds onto the side chain of copolymers, they were further functionalized with acryloyl chloride and glycidyl methacrylate. Copolymers synthesized in this investigation were all identified by using FTIR and NMR. The thermal decomposition temperature of functionalized poly(TBMA-co-HEMA) showed obvious difference before and after crosslinking. Adding a small amount of EGDMA as the crosslinking agent could increase the degree of crosslinking and obviously improve the physical properties. Functionalized poly(TBMA-co-HEMA) was used as a binder resin and composed with a photoacid generator for positive photoresists. From exposure characteristics, the optimal lithographic condition was achieved when exposed for 90 s, PEB at 100 °C for 2.5 min, and developed in 10 wt% Na2CO3 developer for 30 s. After completing the lithography process, the residual pattern of positive photoresist was further treated at 140 °C for 30 min to cure the pendant unsaturated groups. The resolution of the positive photoresist was analyzed by an optical microscope and SEM technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-333
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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