Preparation and dispersive behaviors of reduced charge smectite

Chia Chi Su, Yun-Hwei Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of reduced charge smectites (RCS) with gradually decreasing cation exchange capacity (CEC) were prepared by controlling the amount of Li used to saturate SAz-1 to study the dispersive characteristics of RCS in water and provide insight into the influence of the layer charge density on delamination of smectite in water. Results indicated that being well deliminated in water, high-CEC smectie suspension resulted in small flocs with fluffy structure after coagulation presumably due to a more porous type of coagulation with intense face-to-edge and edge-to-edge interactions of platelets. High-CEC smectie also resulted in suspension with higher viscosity due to the presence of larger number of particles and secondary electroviscous effect. Finally, this study demonstrated the possibility of tailor-made smectite suspensions with suitable dispersive properties for particular applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-177
Number of pages5
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume259
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 31

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montmorillonite
Ion exchange
Positive ions
Coagulation
Cations
Suspensions
preparation
coagulation
cations
Water
water
Platelets
Charge density
Delamination
platelets
Viscosity
viscosity
Smectite
interactions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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Preparation and dispersive behaviors of reduced charge smectite. / Su, Chia Chi; Shen, Yun-Hwei.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 259, No. 1-3, 31.05.2005, p. 173-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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