Preparation and photoreaction of copolymers derived from N‐(1‐phenylethyl)acrylamide and 7‐acryloyloxy‐4‐methyl coumarin

Yun Chen, Jehng‐Daugh ‐D Wu

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45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The copolymers containing photoreactive 4‐methyl coumarin pendant groups have been prepared by radical copolymerization of N‐(1‐phenylethyl)acrylamide (M1) and 7‐acryloyloxy‐4‐methyl coumarin (M2) in DMF at 70°C. The monomer reactivity ratios (MRR) of M1 and M2 are estimated by Finenam‐Ross, Kelen‐Tüdos, Mayo‐Lewis, and YBR methods to be about r1 = 0.12–0.16 and r2 = 1.13–1.28. Dilute dioxane solutions of the copolymers (10−4‐10−5 M of 4‐methyl coumarin chromophores) are first photocrosslinked intramolecularly by irradiating 350 nm light (dimerization of 4‐methyl coumarin) and then photo‐cleaved at 254 nm (symmetric cleavage of cyclobutane). Tracing by an UV‐visible spectrophotometer, it is found that photocrosslinking and photocleavage proceed simultaneously when 254 nm is the light source and finally reaches to a dynamic equilibrium. However, only photocrosslinking can be observed under 350 nm light. Kinetic results show that both photocrosslinking and photocleavage are first‐order reactions. Moreover, photocrosslinking rate constant increases with mole fraction of M2 in the copolymer (F2). On the contrary, rate constant of photocleavage decreases with increasing F2. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1867-1875
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jul 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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