Preparation and properties of crosslinked sulphonated poly(arylene ether sulphone) blend s for direct methanol fuel cell applications

Jie Cheng Tsai, Chien Kung Lin, Jen Feng Kuo, Chuh Yung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HMS-based sulphonated poly(arylene ether sulphone) (HMSSH) is synthesised using 4,4′-dihydroxy-α-methylstilbene (HMS) monomer to introduce an interesting stilbene core as crosslinkable group. Crosslinked blend membranes are obtained by blending the BPA-based sulphonated poly(arylene ether sulphone) (BPASH) with crosslinkable HMS-based sulphonated poly(arylene ether sulphone) by UV irradiation of the blend membrane. Compared to the native BPASH with crosslinked BPASH/HMSSH blend membranes, the crosslinked blend membranes greatly reduce the water uptake and methanol permeability with only a slight reduction in proton conductivity. The crosslinked blend membrane, which has a 6% HMSSH content, has a water uptake of 59%, methanol permeability of 0.75 × 10-6 cm2 s-1, and proton conductivity of 0.08 S cm-1. A membrane-electrode assembly is used to investigate single-cell performance and durability test for DMFC applications. Both the power density and open circuit voltage are higher than those of Nafion® 117. A maximum power density of 32 mW cm-2 at 0.2 V is obtained at 80 °C, which is higher than that of Nafion® 117 (25 mW cm-2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4072-4079
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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