Layered double hydroxides/polyimide (LDHs/PI) nanocomposites were prepared from solution of polyamic acid (polyimide precursor) and LDH-amino benzoate using N,N-dimethylacetamide as a solvent. LDH-amino benzoate (LDH-AB) was obtained by coprecipitation method. The amino benzoate, grafted on the surface of the Mg/A1 nanolayers, as a connector improved the compatibility between the inorganic Mg/A1 nanolayers and the organic polyimide molecules. The dispersion behavior of Mg/A1 nanolayers was investigated by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, indicating that the Mg/A1 nanolayers were exfoliated in PI matrix to form LDH-AB/PI nanocomposites. The maximum tensile strength and elongation of the LDH-AB/PI nanocomposites were found with the LDH-AB content of 5 and 4 wt%, respectively. The initial tensile modulus of these nanocomposites was increased with the LDH-AB content. These nanocomposites exhibited higher storage and loss moduli compared to those of pure PI.Tg of these nanocomposites increased with the LDH-AB content. Coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE, below and above Tg) of these nanocomposites deceased with the LDH-AB content. The thermal properties of these nanocomposites were enhanced by the incorporation of Mg/A1 nanolayers in PI matrix.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry