Preparation, characterization, and properties of poly(styrene-b-sulfonated isoprene)s membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs)

Chang Yu Hsu, Meng Hsin Kuo, Ping Lin Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) block copolymers (PSI) were synthesized by sequential anionic polymerization of styrene and isoprene. Poly(styrene-b-sulfonated isoprene) block copolymers (PSsI) were prepared via reacting the double bonds of the isoprene block with 1,4-dioxane/sulfur trioxide. The spherical-shaped ionic clusters within the PSsI membranes produce a comparable proton conductivity (10-1S/cm above 60°C) but benefits from approximately 50% lower methanol permeability than that of Nafion-117. Properties, such as proton conductivity and water content values, of PSsI membranes correlate highly to the content of the sulfonated isoprene block in PSsI samples even in the cases of similar IEC. As the hydrophilic block length is increased, the water content and proton conductivity also increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume484
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 5

Fingerprint

Isoprene
Styrene
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
Protons
polystyrene
Cell Membrane
Proton conductivity
membranes
block copolymers
Membranes
conductivity
preparation
moisture content
protons
Water content
Block copolymers
styrenes
permeability
sulfur

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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abstract = "A series of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) block copolymers (PSI) were synthesized by sequential anionic polymerization of styrene and isoprene. Poly(styrene-b-sulfonated isoprene) block copolymers (PSsI) were prepared via reacting the double bonds of the isoprene block with 1,4-dioxane/sulfur trioxide. The spherical-shaped ionic clusters within the PSsI membranes produce a comparable proton conductivity (10-1S/cm above 60°C) but benefits from approximately 50{\%} lower methanol permeability than that of Nafion-117. Properties, such as proton conductivity and water content values, of PSsI membranes correlate highly to the content of the sulfonated isoprene block in PSsI samples even in the cases of similar IEC. As the hydrophilic block length is increased, the water content and proton conductivity also increased.",
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Preparation, characterization, and properties of poly(styrene-b-sulfonated isoprene)s membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). / Hsu, Chang Yu; Kuo, Meng Hsin; Kuo, Ping Lin.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 484, 05.06.2015, p. 146-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation, characterization, and properties of poly(styrene-b-sulfonated isoprene)s membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs)

AU - Hsu, Chang Yu

AU - Kuo, Meng Hsin

AU - Kuo, Ping Lin

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AB - A series of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) block copolymers (PSI) were synthesized by sequential anionic polymerization of styrene and isoprene. Poly(styrene-b-sulfonated isoprene) block copolymers (PSsI) were prepared via reacting the double bonds of the isoprene block with 1,4-dioxane/sulfur trioxide. The spherical-shaped ionic clusters within the PSsI membranes produce a comparable proton conductivity (10-1S/cm above 60°C) but benefits from approximately 50% lower methanol permeability than that of Nafion-117. Properties, such as proton conductivity and water content values, of PSsI membranes correlate highly to the content of the sulfonated isoprene block in PSsI samples even in the cases of similar IEC. As the hydrophilic block length is increased, the water content and proton conductivity also increased.

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