Preparation of fluorescent conjugated polymer fibrous membranes for rapid recognition of aromatic solvents

Xiaoqian Xu, Kesong Miao, Yun Chen, Li Juan Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Fluorescent poly(phenylenevinylene) (PPV)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) fibrous membrane was prepared via electrospinning of PPV precursor and PVA aqueous solution followed by thermal elimination. Further cross-linking produced the cross-linked membrane PPV/CPVA. Both PPV/PVA and PPV/CPVA membranes were found to have similar morphology and photophysics. These membranes showed a great fluorescence quenching response to aromatic solvents and a much smaller response to other organic solvents. Water also effectively quenched the fluorescence of PPV/PVA but not that of PPV/CPVA. This was attributed to un-cross-linked PVA being able to dissolve in water and the cross-linking improving the resistance of the membrane toward water. The sensing behavior was found to have good reversibility. The contact angle study showed that addition of only about 1% of PPV into the matrix reduced the hydrophilicity of the membrane significantly, suggesting that the PPV chains would be located at the surface of the fibers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) investigation further confirmed such surface enrichment of PPV in the binary polymer blends. The PPV chain on the surface facilitated the π-π interaction between the polymer backbones and the aromatic molecules, thus leading to good selectivity and fast response of the two fibrous membranes toward aromatic solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7759-7766
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


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