Preparation of hydrogen-permselective palladium-silver alloy composite membranes by electroless co-deposition

Ting Chia Huang, Ming Chi Wei, Huey Ing Chen

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54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigates the co-deposition behavior of palladium and silver on porous alumina by means of electroless plating technique. The fabrication parameters of the membranes in electroless plating process for the preparation of Pd-Ag composite membrane are also investigated. The thickness and surface morphology of the specimen is also inspected using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). For the Pd90-Ag10/α-alumina composite membrane prepared at 333 K, the thickness of the Pd-Ag layer on the α-Al2O3 support for plating 8 h is 20 μm. Subsequently, the Pd90-Ag10 /α-alumina composite membrane (20 μm) is used for hydrogen and nitrogen permeation experiments under 473-616 K and 80-250 kPa. The ideal separation factor of H2/N2 through the membrane is found in the range 30-178 under the indicated experimental conditions. Furthermore, a resistance model is used to account for the simultaneous transport of hydrogen through the α-alumina support and skin layer of the Pd90-Ag10/α-alumina composite membrane. It reveals that the transport behavior of hydrogen through the skin layer of the membrane is a combination of solution-diffusion and Knudsen diffusion with minimal contribution of viscous flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume32
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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