Spherical silica microcapsules containing phase-change material (PCM) were prepared by the sol-gel method in O/W emulsion. This is the first time that inorganic encapsulation of PCM with core/shell structure has been studied. The results of this synthesis revealed that micron size (4 ∼ 8 μm) silica microspheres encapsulating n-pentadecane can be successfully created from acidic solutions ([H+] ≥ 1.44 N) by using cationic surfactants as the emulsifiers. The identification of the mechanisms for the formation of silica shell at the oil-water interface indicates that it should be the charge-controlled mechanism through S+X-I+ (positively charged surfactant-halide ion-positively charged silica species) electrostatic interactions or the reaction rates-controlled mechanism working on cationic emulsifiers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Chemical Engineering(all)