This study aimed to test whether pretreatment gastric pathology in H. pylori-infected nonulcer dyspepsia (HpNUD) patients is relevant to and predictive of the symptomatic response after H. pylori eradication. Anti-H. pylori triple therapy was administered to 250 HpNUD patients, enrolled as the therapy group. In addition, 60 patients were enrolled as the control group, in which omeprazole was an alternatives to the triple therapy. Pretreatment gastric histology was evaluated thoroughly by the updated Sydney system. A [13C] urea breath test was also performed to evaluate the H. pylori eradication two months and 12 months later. For each patient, the baseline, month 2, and month 12 symptom scores were assessed for the month 2 or month 12 residual symptom ratio (RSR-2m or RSR-12m), calculated from: 100% × month 2 or month 12 score/baseline score. Based on either RSR-2m or RSR-12m, patients were categorized as good response (RSR < 50%), moderate response (50-70%), and poor response (>70%) subgroups in both therapy and control groups to define the short-term and long-term symptomatic responses. Patients with successful H. pylori eradication in the therapy group showed a higher incidence of good symptomatic response (RSR < 50%) than those from the control group (month 2:30.3 vs 12%, P < 0.05; month 12:34.7 vs 17.1%, P < 0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis disclosed that patients with a higher acute inflammation score (AIS) and the lowest incidence of lymphoid follicles (LF) at pretreatment gastric histology are predisposed to having a good symptom response after H. pylori eradication (P < 0.05). For HpNUD patients who have an AIS of more than three and an absence of LF at gastric histology, more than 85% had good short-term (month 2) and long-term (month 12) symptomatic relief after H. pylori eradication. In conclusion, nearly 30% of HpNUD patients can obtain symptomatic relief following H. pylori eradication. The pretreatment gastric histology of HpNUD can be helpful to monitor the symptomatic response after H. pylori eradication.
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