Prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in older Taiwanese living in rural community: The Tianliao Old People study 04

Chih-Hsing Wu, Kuan Ting Chen, Meng Tzu Hou, Yin-Fan Chang, Chin-Sung Chang, Ping-Yen Liu, Shin Jiuan Wu, Ching-Ju Chiu, I. Ming Jou, Chuan-Yu Chen

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to show the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in rural community-dwelling older Taiwanese. Methods: Using the whole community sampling method, a total of 285 men and 264 women aged over 65 years were randomly sampled (response rate=50%) from Tianliao District, southern Taiwan, in 2012. Participants were interviewed by trained investigators to complete a validated structural questionnaire. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and skeletal muscle mass was estimated by Janssen's equation. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, grip strength, gait speed and short physical performance battery (SPPB) were obtained by the standard procedures. Sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia were defined according to the 2010 consensus of the Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Results: Of the 549 study participants, 39 (7.1%) were classified as having sarcopenia and 31 (5.6%) participants were classified as having severe sarcopenia. Using multiple logistic regression models, the age, sex, working status, waist circumference, body mass index, hypertensive history, MNA and SPPB score were independently associated with different stages of sarcopenia. Conclusions: Approximately one-fifth of community-dwelling older adults were facing the threat of sarcopenia in southern Taiwan. The older age, female sex, lower body mass index, higher waist circumference, a history of hypertension, lower MNA or SPPB score and not working regularly were associated factors for either sarcopenia or severe sarcopenia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
Volume14
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 1

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Sarcopenia
Rural Population
rural community
Taiwan
performance
questionnaire
working group
hypertension
history
Nutrition Assessment
community
logistics
Independent Living
district
threat
regression
Waist Circumference
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Hand Strength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in older Taiwanese living in rural community: The Tianliao Old People study 04",
abstract = "Aim: The aim of the present study was to show the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in rural community-dwelling older Taiwanese. Methods: Using the whole community sampling method, a total of 285 men and 264 women aged over 65 years were randomly sampled (response rate=50{\%}) from Tianliao District, southern Taiwan, in 2012. Participants were interviewed by trained investigators to complete a validated structural questionnaire. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and skeletal muscle mass was estimated by Janssen's equation. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, grip strength, gait speed and short physical performance battery (SPPB) were obtained by the standard procedures. Sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia were defined according to the 2010 consensus of the Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Results: Of the 549 study participants, 39 (7.1{\%}) were classified as having sarcopenia and 31 (5.6{\%}) participants were classified as having severe sarcopenia. Using multiple logistic regression models, the age, sex, working status, waist circumference, body mass index, hypertensive history, MNA and SPPB score were independently associated with different stages of sarcopenia. Conclusions: Approximately one-fifth of community-dwelling older adults were facing the threat of sarcopenia in southern Taiwan. The older age, female sex, lower body mass index, higher waist circumference, a history of hypertension, lower MNA or SPPB score and not working regularly were associated factors for either sarcopenia or severe sarcopenia.",
author = "Chih-Hsing Wu and Chen, {Kuan Ting} and Hou, {Meng Tzu} and Yin-Fan Chang and Chin-Sung Chang and Ping-Yen Liu and Wu, {Shin Jiuan} and Ching-Ju Chiu and Jou, {I. Ming} and Chuan-Yu Chen",
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T1 - Prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in older Taiwanese living in rural community

T2 - The Tianliao Old People study 04

AU - Wu, Chih-Hsing

AU - Chen, Kuan Ting

AU - Hou, Meng Tzu

AU - Chang, Yin-Fan

AU - Chang, Chin-Sung

AU - Liu, Ping-Yen

AU - Wu, Shin Jiuan

AU - Chiu, Ching-Ju

AU - Jou, I. Ming

AU - Chen, Chuan-Yu

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - Aim: The aim of the present study was to show the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in rural community-dwelling older Taiwanese. Methods: Using the whole community sampling method, a total of 285 men and 264 women aged over 65 years were randomly sampled (response rate=50%) from Tianliao District, southern Taiwan, in 2012. Participants were interviewed by trained investigators to complete a validated structural questionnaire. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and skeletal muscle mass was estimated by Janssen's equation. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, grip strength, gait speed and short physical performance battery (SPPB) were obtained by the standard procedures. Sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia were defined according to the 2010 consensus of the Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Results: Of the 549 study participants, 39 (7.1%) were classified as having sarcopenia and 31 (5.6%) participants were classified as having severe sarcopenia. Using multiple logistic regression models, the age, sex, working status, waist circumference, body mass index, hypertensive history, MNA and SPPB score were independently associated with different stages of sarcopenia. Conclusions: Approximately one-fifth of community-dwelling older adults were facing the threat of sarcopenia in southern Taiwan. The older age, female sex, lower body mass index, higher waist circumference, a history of hypertension, lower MNA or SPPB score and not working regularly were associated factors for either sarcopenia or severe sarcopenia.

AB - Aim: The aim of the present study was to show the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia in rural community-dwelling older Taiwanese. Methods: Using the whole community sampling method, a total of 285 men and 264 women aged over 65 years were randomly sampled (response rate=50%) from Tianliao District, southern Taiwan, in 2012. Participants were interviewed by trained investigators to complete a validated structural questionnaire. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and skeletal muscle mass was estimated by Janssen's equation. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score, Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire, grip strength, gait speed and short physical performance battery (SPPB) were obtained by the standard procedures. Sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia were defined according to the 2010 consensus of the Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Results: Of the 549 study participants, 39 (7.1%) were classified as having sarcopenia and 31 (5.6%) participants were classified as having severe sarcopenia. Using multiple logistic regression models, the age, sex, working status, waist circumference, body mass index, hypertensive history, MNA and SPPB score were independently associated with different stages of sarcopenia. Conclusions: Approximately one-fifth of community-dwelling older adults were facing the threat of sarcopenia in southern Taiwan. The older age, female sex, lower body mass index, higher waist circumference, a history of hypertension, lower MNA or SPPB score and not working regularly were associated factors for either sarcopenia or severe sarcopenia.

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