Prevalence and determinants of workplace violence of health care workers in a psychiatric hospital in Taiwan

Wen Ching Chen, Hai Gwo Hwu, Shou Mei Kung, Hsien Jane Chiu, Jung Der Wang

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96 Citations (Scopus)


Workplace violence, a possible cause of job stress, has recently become an important concern in occupational health. This study determined the prevalence of workplace violence and its risk factors for employees at a psychiatric hospital in Taiwan. A questionnaire developed by ILO/ICN/WHO/PSI was first translated and validated. It was then used to survey the prevalence of workplace violence in the last 12 months experienced by all nursing aides, nurses, and clerks at the hospital. Multiple logistic regression models were constructed to discover the determinants of violence. A total of 222 out of 231 surveyed workers completed a valid questionnaire. The one-year prevalence rates of physical violence (PV), verbal abuse, bullying/mobbing, sexual harassment, and racial harassment were 35.1, 50.9,15.8, 9.5, and 4.5%, respectively. The prevalence of PV at this hospital was higher than that reported by other countries for the health sector. A high anxiety level was associated with the occurrence of PV. These results need to be corroborated by future investigation. A training program may be required for high risk groups to reduce workplace violence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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