Prevalence and knowledge of sexual transmitted infections, drug abuse, and AIDS among male inmates in a Taiwan prison

Ming Chu Feng, Jui-Ying Feng, Yen Hsu Chen, Pi Yen Chang, Po Liang Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study performed a structured questionnaire survey of a Taiwan population of male prison inmates to determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), intravenous drug users (IDUs), and drug abuse and to assess their knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The objective was to obtain data needed to control the spread of HIV. Out of 1000 questionnaires distributed, 908 valid questionnaires were returned. Inmates were classified into three groups: IDUs with HIV (13.5%), IDUs without HIV (49.3%), and non-IDUs without HIV (37.2%). A total of 115 (12.7%) inmates had contracted STIs other than HIV. Compared with inmates without HIV, those with HIV were more likely to have a junior high school education level or lower and a history of the following: employment as a blue-collar laborer, STI, unprotected sexual activity, and needle sharing during intravenous drug use. The longer they have used intravenous drugs, the higher the probability that they shared needles, and the more likely they contracted with HIV. Taiwanese male inmates had a low level of knowledge about safe sex and HIV transmission routes, except for sharing needles. The three groups did not significantly differ in HIV-related knowledge. Given the high percentage of IDU and HIV infection in male prison inmates in Taiwan, interventions are needed to educate this population in the increased risk of contracting HIV/AIDS associated with unsafe sex and needle sharing during illicit drug use. Such interventions are crucial for limiting the spread of HIV as this population reintegrates with the community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-666
Number of pages7
JournalKaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

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Prisons
Taiwan
Substance-Related Disorders
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Infection
Drug Users
Needle Sharing
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Population
Safe Sex
Unsafe Sex
Street Drugs
Sexual Behavior
Pharmaceutical Preparations
HIV Infections
Needles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study performed a structured questionnaire survey of a Taiwan population of male prison inmates to determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), intravenous drug users (IDUs), and drug abuse and to assess their knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The objective was to obtain data needed to control the spread of HIV. Out of 1000 questionnaires distributed, 908 valid questionnaires were returned. Inmates were classified into three groups: IDUs with HIV (13.5{\%}), IDUs without HIV (49.3{\%}), and non-IDUs without HIV (37.2{\%}). A total of 115 (12.7{\%}) inmates had contracted STIs other than HIV. Compared with inmates without HIV, those with HIV were more likely to have a junior high school education level or lower and a history of the following: employment as a blue-collar laborer, STI, unprotected sexual activity, and needle sharing during intravenous drug use. The longer they have used intravenous drugs, the higher the probability that they shared needles, and the more likely they contracted with HIV. Taiwanese male inmates had a low level of knowledge about safe sex and HIV transmission routes, except for sharing needles. The three groups did not significantly differ in HIV-related knowledge. Given the high percentage of IDU and HIV infection in male prison inmates in Taiwan, interventions are needed to educate this population in the increased risk of contracting HIV/AIDS associated with unsafe sex and needle sharing during illicit drug use. Such interventions are crucial for limiting the spread of HIV as this population reintegrates with the community.",
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Prevalence and knowledge of sexual transmitted infections, drug abuse, and AIDS among male inmates in a Taiwan prison. / Feng, Ming Chu; Feng, Jui-Ying; Chen, Yen Hsu; Chang, Pi Yen; Lu, Po Liang.

In: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 28, No. 12, 01.12.2012, p. 660-666.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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