Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and φ production

STAR Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present measurements of Ω and φ production at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Motivated by the coalescence formation mechanism for these strange hadrons, we study the ratios of N(Ω-+Ω#x0002B;)/[2N(φ)]. These ratios as a function of transverse momentum pT fall on a consistent trend at high collision energies, but start to show deviations in peripheral collisions at sNN=19.6, 27, and 39 GeV, and in central collisions at 11.5 GeV in the intermediate pT region of 2.4-3.6 GeV/c. We further evaluate empirically the strange quark pT distributions at hadronization by studying the Ω/φ ratios scaled by the number of constituent quarks (NCQ). The NCQ-scaled Ω/φ ratios show a suppression of strange quark production in central collisions at 11.5 GeV compared to sNN≥19.6 GeV. The shapes of the presumably thermal strange quark distributions in 0-60% most central collisions at 7.7 GeV show significant deviations from those in 0-10% most central collisions at higher energies. These features suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics in the transition from quark matter to hadronic matter at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021903
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 24

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partons
quantum chromodynamics
quarks
collisions
deviation
energy
transverse momentum
hadrons
coalescing
center of mass
heavy ions
retarding
trends

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{bf5dcdb0835a4e4c9d4e7e2ab7e79b78,
title = "Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and φ production",
abstract = "We present measurements of Ω and φ production at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Motivated by the coalescence formation mechanism for these strange hadrons, we study the ratios of N(Ω-+Ω#x0002B;)/[2N(φ)]. These ratios as a function of transverse momentum pT fall on a consistent trend at high collision energies, but start to show deviations in peripheral collisions at sNN=19.6, 27, and 39 GeV, and in central collisions at 11.5 GeV in the intermediate pT region of 2.4-3.6 GeV/c. We further evaluate empirically the strange quark pT distributions at hadronization by studying the Ω/φ ratios scaled by the number of constituent quarks (NCQ). The NCQ-scaled Ω/φ ratios show a suppression of strange quark production in central collisions at 11.5 GeV compared to sNN≥19.6 GeV. The shapes of the presumably thermal strange quark distributions in 0-60{\%} most central collisions at 7.7 GeV show significant deviations from those in 0-10{\%} most central collisions at higher energies. These features suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics in the transition from quark matter to hadronic matter at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.",
author = "{STAR Collaboration} and L. Adamczyk and Adkins, {J. K.} and G. Agakishiev and Aggarwal, {M. M.} and Z. Ahammed and I. Alekseev and A. Aparin and D. Arkhipkin and Aschenauer, {E. C.} and A. Attri and Averichev, {G. S.} and X. Bai and V. Bairathi and R. Bellwied and A. Bhasin and Bhati, {A. K.} and P. Bhattarai and J. Bielcik and J. Bielcikova and Bland, {L. C.} and Bordyuzhin, {I. G.} and J. Bouchet and Brandenburg, {J. D.} and Brandin, {A. V.} and I. Bunzarov and J. Butterworth and H. Caines and {Calder{\'o}n De La Barca S{\'a}nchez}, M. and Campbell, {J. M.} and D. Cebra and I. Chakaberia and P. Chaloupka and Z. Chang and A. Chatterjee and S. Chattopadhyay and Chen, {J. H.} and X. Chen and J. Cheng and M. Cherney and W. Christie and G. Contin and Crawford, {H. J.} and S. Das and {De Silva}, {L. C.} and Debbe, {R. R.} and Dedovich, {T. G.} and J. Deng and Derevschikov, {A. A.} and {Di Ruzza}, B. and L. Didenko",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
journal = "Physical Review C",
issn = "2469-9985",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
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}

Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and φ production. / STAR Collaboration.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 93, No. 2, 021903, 24.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Probing parton dynamics of QCD matter with Ω and φ production

AU - STAR Collaboration

AU - Adamczyk, L.

AU - Adkins, J. K.

AU - Agakishiev, G.

AU - Aggarwal, M. M.

AU - Ahammed, Z.

AU - Alekseev, I.

AU - Aparin, A.

AU - Arkhipkin, D.

AU - Aschenauer, E. C.

AU - Attri, A.

AU - Averichev, G. S.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Bairathi, V.

AU - Bellwied, R.

AU - Bhasin, A.

AU - Bhati, A. K.

AU - Bhattarai, P.

AU - Bielcik, J.

AU - Bielcikova, J.

AU - Bland, L. C.

AU - Bordyuzhin, I. G.

AU - Bouchet, J.

AU - Brandenburg, J. D.

AU - Brandin, A. V.

AU - Bunzarov, I.

AU - Butterworth, J.

AU - Caines, H.

AU - Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, M.

AU - Campbell, J. M.

AU - Cebra, D.

AU - Chakaberia, I.

AU - Chaloupka, P.

AU - Chang, Z.

AU - Chatterjee, A.

AU - Chattopadhyay, S.

AU - Chen, J. H.

AU - Chen, X.

AU - Cheng, J.

AU - Cherney, M.

AU - Christie, W.

AU - Contin, G.

AU - Crawford, H. J.

AU - Das, S.

AU - De Silva, L. C.

AU - Debbe, R. R.

AU - Dedovich, T. G.

AU - Deng, J.

AU - Derevschikov, A. A.

AU - Di Ruzza, B.

AU - Didenko, L.

PY - 2016/2/24

Y1 - 2016/2/24

N2 - We present measurements of Ω and φ production at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Motivated by the coalescence formation mechanism for these strange hadrons, we study the ratios of N(Ω-+Ω#x0002B;)/[2N(φ)]. These ratios as a function of transverse momentum pT fall on a consistent trend at high collision energies, but start to show deviations in peripheral collisions at sNN=19.6, 27, and 39 GeV, and in central collisions at 11.5 GeV in the intermediate pT region of 2.4-3.6 GeV/c. We further evaluate empirically the strange quark pT distributions at hadronization by studying the Ω/φ ratios scaled by the number of constituent quarks (NCQ). The NCQ-scaled Ω/φ ratios show a suppression of strange quark production in central collisions at 11.5 GeV compared to sNN≥19.6 GeV. The shapes of the presumably thermal strange quark distributions in 0-60% most central collisions at 7.7 GeV show significant deviations from those in 0-10% most central collisions at higher energies. These features suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics in the transition from quark matter to hadronic matter at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.

AB - We present measurements of Ω and φ production at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies sNN=7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV by the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Motivated by the coalescence formation mechanism for these strange hadrons, we study the ratios of N(Ω-+Ω#x0002B;)/[2N(φ)]. These ratios as a function of transverse momentum pT fall on a consistent trend at high collision energies, but start to show deviations in peripheral collisions at sNN=19.6, 27, and 39 GeV, and in central collisions at 11.5 GeV in the intermediate pT region of 2.4-3.6 GeV/c. We further evaluate empirically the strange quark pT distributions at hadronization by studying the Ω/φ ratios scaled by the number of constituent quarks (NCQ). The NCQ-scaled Ω/φ ratios show a suppression of strange quark production in central collisions at 11.5 GeV compared to sNN≥19.6 GeV. The shapes of the presumably thermal strange quark distributions in 0-60% most central collisions at 7.7 GeV show significant deviations from those in 0-10% most central collisions at higher energies. These features suggest that there is likely a change of the underlying strange quark dynamics in the transition from quark matter to hadronic matter at collision energies below 19.6 GeV.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.93.021903

M3 - Article

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VL - 93

JO - Physical Review C

JF - Physical Review C

SN - 2469-9985

IS - 2

M1 - 021903

ER -