Product sampling during transient continuous countercurrent hydrolysis of canola oil and development of a kinetic model

Wei Cheng Wang, Robert H. Natelson, Larry F. Stikeleather, William L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A chemical kinetic model has been developed for the transient stage of the continuous countercurrent hydrolysis of triglycerides to free fatty acids and glycerol. Departure functions and group contribution methods were applied to determine the equilibrium constants of the four reversible reactions in the kinetic model. Continuous countercurrent hydrolysis of canola oil in subcritical water was conducted experimentally in a lab-scale reactor over a range of temperatures and the concentrations of all neutral components were quantified. Several of the rate constants in the model were obtained by modeling this experimental data, with the remaining determined from calculated equilibrium constants. Some reactions not included in the present, or previous, hydrolysis modeling efforts were identified from glycerolysis kinetic studies and may explain the slight discrepancy between model and experiment. The rate constants determined in this paper indicate that diglycerides in the feedstock accelerate the transition from "emulsive hydrolysis" to "rapid hydrolysis".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-155
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Chemical Engineering
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

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