Short Doppler-derived mitral deceleration time of early filling has been proved to be an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. However, the prognostic value of Doppler-derived mitral deceleration time in postinfarction patients without overt left ventricular dysfunction is poorly understood. A total of 27 survivors of acute myocardial infarction with left ventricular ejection fractions of 35% or more, as determined by radionuclide ventriculography, were prospectively studied. Doppler study was performed 5 to 7 days after the index infarction. The patients were divided into two groups. Group A included 10 patients whose mitral deceleration time was 125 msec or less and group B consisted of 17 patients whose mitral deceleration time was 125 msec or more. The two groups were similar in terms of age and gender distribution and there were no statistically significant differences in coronary risk factors, peak creatine kinase concentration, location of infarction, Killip classification, thrombolytic therapy, left ventricular ejection fraction, or medications. After a mean follow-up period of 30 months, the rate of congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association, NWHA, class II or above) was significantly higher in group A (5/10) than in group B (1/ 17) (p < 0.01). These results suggest that a short mitral deceleration time could be a useful early predictor of the potential development of future congestive heart failure in postinfarction patients with left ventricular ejection fractions of 35% or more.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
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