Proteomic analysis of hypothalamic proteins of high and low egg production strains of chickens

Yu Min Kuo, Yow Ling Shiue, Chih Feng Chen, Pin Chi Tang, Yen Pai Lee

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48 Citations (Scopus)


Two slow-growth local chicken strains, derived from a common base population, were bi-directionally selected over twenty generations for carcass traits (B strain) and egg production (L2 strain). The objective of the present study was to identify hypothalamic proteins associated with high egg production (by taking advantage of the similar genetic background of these two strains). Prior to and during egg laying, hypothalamic proteins of B and L2 hens were analyzed with two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Approximately 430 well-resolved spots, ranging from 10 to 40 kDa, pH 5-9, were quantified by image processing. Eight protein spots differed in quantity between B and L2 strains at either stage. Using LC-MS/MS, we identified six of eight protein spots, including proteins known for regulating gene expression, signal transduction and lipid metabolism. The mRNA expression levels of these six proteins were then evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR in five strains of hens, including B, L2 and another three commercial strains; heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein H3 (HNRPH3) was higher in L2 than in the B strain (consistent with the findings in 2-DE). Increased levels of HNRPH3 mRNA were also present in the hypothalamus of high-egg-yield White Leghorn layers, but were absent in other domestic commercial strains with low egg production rates. In conclusion, the expression level of HNRPH3 may be a new molecular marker to screen for high egg production in slow-growth local chickens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1490-1502
Number of pages13
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Oct 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine


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