The objective of this study was to search for biological markers associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Plasma specimens obtained from ten pathologically diagnosed AD patients and ten non-demented (ND) control subjects were analyzed by a combination of 2-DE and MS. This strategy allowed us to identify six plasma proteins (alpha-1-antitrypsin, vitamin D-binding protein, inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor family heavy chain-related protein, apolipoprotein J precursor, cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha 1, and an orf) whose 2-DE spot densities were different between the AD and ND groups. Due to their involvements in AD amyloid plaque formation, the plasma concentrations of alpha-1-antitrypsin and apolipoprotein J were further validated using either ELISA or Western blot. The results revealed that the plasma levels of alpha-1-antitrypsin in AD were higher than those of controls, confirming the 2-DE findings. However, no difference in total apolipoprotein J concentration was observed between the AD and ND groups. Considering the difference in resolving power to differentially quantitate protein isoforms provided by 2-DE and Western blot, 2-DE analysis combined with MS protein identification offers distinctive advantages when a disease-related protein isoform-specific variance is investigated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry