Charge storage mechanisms of electrodeposited MnO2 in various aprotic ionic liquids (ILs) are studied using in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The analytical results show that a unique thiocyanate (SCN-) anion can reversibly insert/desert into/from the tunnels between the [MnO6] octahedral subunits depending on the applied potential. This process charge compensates the Mn3+/Mn4+ redox transition upon charging-discharging and thus contributes to an ideal pseudocapacitive behavior of the MnO2 electrode. The present work would open up a route for developing a novel oxide-based supercapacitor, with high cell-voltage, high thermal stability, and high safety, incorporating IL electrolytes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering