Psychological distress and related factors among caregivers of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic

Ching Shu Tsai, Liang Jen Wang, Ray C. Hsiao, Cheng Fang Yen, Chung Ying Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined the relationships of caregiver factors (including caregivers’ age, sex and educational year), child–family interactions (caregivers’ difficulties in managing children’s protective behaviors against COVID-19, learning and daily performance, children’s conflict with elders and siblings, and parenting styles), and children’s factors (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] symptoms) with psychological distress of the caregivers of children with ADHD in the COVID-19 pandemic. This study recruited 252 caregivers of children with ADHD to participate and complete a questionnaire collecting their psychological distress in the COVID-19 pandemic, demographics, difficulties in managing children’s protective behaviors against COVID-19, learning and daily performance, and parenting styles as well as children’s conflict with elders and siblings, and the ADHD and ODD symptoms. Hierarchical regression models were constructed to examine the factors related to psychological distress among caregivers. Factors across caregiver, child, and child–family interaction dimensions, including children’s conflict levels with elders and siblings, inattention symptoms, and caregivers’ difficulties in managing children’s protective behaviors against COVID-19, learning and daily performance, female sex, and younger age were significantly associated with psychological distress among caregivers in various hierarchical regression models. Health professionals should take the relevant factors identified in this study when developing an intervention to relieve caregivers’ psychological distress in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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