Psychological outcome of injured workers at 3 months after occupational injury requiring hospitalization in Taiwan

Kuan Han Lin, Nai Wen Guo, Shih Cheng Liao, Chun Ya Kuo, Pei Yi Hu, Jin Huei Hsu, Yaw Huei Hwang, Yue Leon Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychological Outcome of Injured Workers at 3 Months after Occupational Injury Requiring Hospitalization in Taiwan: Kuan-Han LIN, et al. Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University School of Public Health, Taiwan-Introduction: After a traumatic event, a significant proportion of victims develop psychiatric disorders. Trauma has been an important ailment among workers. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychiatric disorders at three months after occupational injuries. Methods: Our study candidates were injured workers in Taiwan who were hospitalized for 3 days or longer and received hospitalization benefits from the Labor Insurance program. A two-staged survey study was conducted. A self-reported questionnaire including the Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-50) and Post-traumatic Symptom Checklist (PTSC) was sent to workers at 3 months after injury. Those who met the criteria were recruited for the second stage phone interview with a psychiatrist using the Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results: A total of 2001 workers completed the questionnaire (response rate 45.5%). Among them, 357 (17.8%) fulfilled the criteria for the MINI interview and were invited. A total of 148 (41.5%) completed the phone interview. The estimated rates of PTSD, partial PTSD (PPTSD), major depression, comorbid PTSD/PPTSD and major depression, and either PTSD/PPTSD or major depression were 2.7, 4.1, 3.0, 2.3, and 7.5%, respectively. The estimated rates of either PTSD/PPTSD or major depression among workers who suffered from intracranial injury, fracture, burn, crushing injury, and open wound of upper limbs were 10.4, 6.9, 5.9, 5.8 and 0%, respectively. Conclusions: At three months after occupational injuries, a significant proportion of workers suffered from psychiatric disorders. The rates of psychiatric disorders occurring after intracranial injuries were significantly higher than those occurring after non-intracranial injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-298
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Occupational Injuries
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Taiwan
Hospitalization
Psychology
Psychiatry
Wounds and Injuries
Interviews
Depression
Public Health Schools
Occupational Medicine
Insurance Benefits
Occupational Health
Checklist
Upper Extremity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Lin, Kuan Han ; Guo, Nai Wen ; Liao, Shih Cheng ; Kuo, Chun Ya ; Hu, Pei Yi ; Hsu, Jin Huei ; Hwang, Yaw Huei ; Guo, Yue Leon. / Psychological outcome of injured workers at 3 months after occupational injury requiring hospitalization in Taiwan. In: Journal of Occupational Health. 2012 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 289-298.
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title = "Psychological outcome of injured workers at 3 months after occupational injury requiring hospitalization in Taiwan",
abstract = "Psychological Outcome of Injured Workers at 3 Months after Occupational Injury Requiring Hospitalization in Taiwan: Kuan-Han LIN, et al. Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University School of Public Health, Taiwan-Introduction: After a traumatic event, a significant proportion of victims develop psychiatric disorders. Trauma has been an important ailment among workers. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychiatric disorders at three months after occupational injuries. Methods: Our study candidates were injured workers in Taiwan who were hospitalized for 3 days or longer and received hospitalization benefits from the Labor Insurance program. A two-staged survey study was conducted. A self-reported questionnaire including the Brief Symptom Rating Scale (BSRS-50) and Post-traumatic Symptom Checklist (PTSC) was sent to workers at 3 months after injury. Those who met the criteria were recruited for the second stage phone interview with a psychiatrist using the Mini-international Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results: A total of 2001 workers completed the questionnaire (response rate 45.5{\%}). Among them, 357 (17.8{\%}) fulfilled the criteria for the MINI interview and were invited. A total of 148 (41.5{\%}) completed the phone interview. The estimated rates of PTSD, partial PTSD (PPTSD), major depression, comorbid PTSD/PPTSD and major depression, and either PTSD/PPTSD or major depression were 2.7, 4.1, 3.0, 2.3, and 7.5{\%}, respectively. The estimated rates of either PTSD/PPTSD or major depression among workers who suffered from intracranial injury, fracture, burn, crushing injury, and open wound of upper limbs were 10.4, 6.9, 5.9, 5.8 and 0{\%}, respectively. Conclusions: At three months after occupational injuries, a significant proportion of workers suffered from psychiatric disorders. The rates of psychiatric disorders occurring after intracranial injuries were significantly higher than those occurring after non-intracranial injuries.",
author = "Lin, {Kuan Han} and Guo, {Nai Wen} and Liao, {Shih Cheng} and Kuo, {Chun Ya} and Hu, {Pei Yi} and Hsu, {Jin Huei} and Hwang, {Yaw Huei} and Guo, {Yue Leon}",
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Psychological outcome of injured workers at 3 months after occupational injury requiring hospitalization in Taiwan. / Lin, Kuan Han; Guo, Nai Wen; Liao, Shih Cheng; Kuo, Chun Ya; Hu, Pei Yi; Hsu, Jin Huei; Hwang, Yaw Huei; Guo, Yue Leon.

In: Journal of Occupational Health, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2012, p. 289-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lin, Kuan Han

AU - Guo, Nai Wen

AU - Liao, Shih Cheng

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AU - Hu, Pei Yi

AU - Hsu, Jin Huei

AU - Hwang, Yaw Huei

AU - Guo, Yue Leon

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