Studies have been performed to determine whether an endogenous material capable of binding to digoxin antibodies is present in the chicken plasma. In the blood of 12 chickens without feed control, endogenous digoxin-like immunoreactive factors (DLIF) binding of digoxin antibodies in enzyme immunoassays amounted to 866 ± 302 pg digoxin equivalents/mL of plasma (mean ± SEM). Immunoreactivity of DLIF increased to 1848 ± 331 pg/mL with a double value of control after boiling and acid pretreating the plasma. The major purification steps employed in this report were gel filtration column chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and isoelectric focusing (IEF). Using HPLC for the separation, at least 10 chicken DLIFs with different molecular weight (MW) have been found. The MW of the smallest is 300 daltons (Da) while the largest is 100 kDa. The value of the isoelectric point of the most abundant type of DLIF from untreated chicken plasma is 6.3 as determined by IEF. The partially purified DLIF inhibits Na+,K+-ATPase from a porcine cerebral cortex as well as three human red blood cell membrane preparations in a dose-response fashion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)