Purification, characterization, and spectral analyses of histidine-tagged vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase expressed in yeast

Shen Hsing Hsu, Yi Yuong Hsiao, Pei Feng Liu, Shih Ming Lin, Yue Yu Luo, Rong Long Pan

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Vacuolar proton-translocating pyrophosphatase (V-PPase) generates a proton electrochemical gradient across the membrane by hydrolyzing pyrophosphate for maintenance of acidic condition of vacuoles and translocation of secondary metabolites, ions, and even toxics. The enzymatic activity of V-PPase could be stimulated by relatively high concentration of K+, but inhibited by F-, Na+, Ca2+ and excess PPi. In this study, we used the yeast expression system to express hexa-histidine tagged mung bean V-PPase and employed detergent n-dodecyl β-D-maltoside (DDM) to solubilize the protein from microsomal membrane, followed by a Ni2+-nitrilotriacetate (Ni2+-NTA) affinity column to yield a highly purified enzyme. The specific activity of purified His-tagged V-PPase was approximately 86.4 ± 7.4 μmol PPi /mg.h, at least 6.5 fold purification compared to that on the vesicle membrane. The specific activity of His-tagged purified V-PPase were approximately 59% compare to the mung bean innate one. Further characterization indicates that the His-tagged V-PPase thus obtained resembles primarily those on membrane in most enzymatic features. The spectroscopic analyses including circular dichroism spectroscopy on His-tagged V-PPase revealed variations in conformational change induced by ions, as those inhibitors Na+, Ca2+, and F-, of this proton translocase. These results confirm the effect of ions are exerted concomitantly with the conformational (secondary structural) changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-301
Number of pages11
JournalBotanical Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science


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