Pyrrolic-Type Nitrogen-Doped Hierarchical Macro/Mesoporous Carbon as a Bifunctional Host for High-Performance Thick Cathodes for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Pauline Han, Sheng Heng Chung, Arumugam Manthiram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are highly considered as a next-generation energy storage device due to their high theoretical energy density. For practical viability, reasonable active-material loading of >4.0 mg cm −2 must be employed, at a cost to the intrinsic instability of sulfur cathodes. The incursion of lithium polysulfides (LiPS) at higher sulfur loadings results in low active material utilization and poor cell cycling capability. The use of high-surface-area hierarchical macro/mesoporous inverse opal (IOP) carbons to investigate the effects of pore volume and surface area on the electrochemical stability of high-loading, high-thickness cathodes for Li-S batteries is presented here. The IOP carbons are additionally doped with pyrrolic-type nitrogen groups (N-IOP) to act as a polar polysulfide mediator and enhance the active-material reutilization. With a high sulfur loading of 6.0 mg cm −2 , the Li-S cells assembled with IOP and N-IOP carbons are able to attain a high specific capacity of, respectively, 1242 and 1162 mA h g −1 . The N-IOP enables the Li-S cells to demonstrate good electrochemical performance over 300 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900690
JournalSmall
Volume15
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 18

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Lithium
Sulfur
Macros
Electrodes
Cathodes
Nitrogen
Carbon
Polysulfides
Energy storage
Lithium sulfur batteries
Costs and Cost Analysis
Equipment and Supplies
Costs
polysulfide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Pyrrolic-Type Nitrogen-Doped Hierarchical Macro/Mesoporous Carbon as a Bifunctional Host for High-Performance Thick Cathodes for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries",
abstract = "Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are highly considered as a next-generation energy storage device due to their high theoretical energy density. For practical viability, reasonable active-material loading of >4.0 mg cm −2 must be employed, at a cost to the intrinsic instability of sulfur cathodes. The incursion of lithium polysulfides (LiPS) at higher sulfur loadings results in low active material utilization and poor cell cycling capability. The use of high-surface-area hierarchical macro/mesoporous inverse opal (IOP) carbons to investigate the effects of pore volume and surface area on the electrochemical stability of high-loading, high-thickness cathodes for Li-S batteries is presented here. The IOP carbons are additionally doped with pyrrolic-type nitrogen groups (N-IOP) to act as a polar polysulfide mediator and enhance the active-material reutilization. With a high sulfur loading of 6.0 mg cm −2 , the Li-S cells assembled with IOP and N-IOP carbons are able to attain a high specific capacity of, respectively, 1242 and 1162 mA h g −1 . The N-IOP enables the Li-S cells to demonstrate good electrochemical performance over 300 cycles.",
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Pyrrolic-Type Nitrogen-Doped Hierarchical Macro/Mesoporous Carbon as a Bifunctional Host for High-Performance Thick Cathodes for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. / Han, Pauline; Chung, Sheng Heng; Manthiram, Arumugam.

In: Small, Vol. 15, No. 16, 1900690, 18.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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