Quantifying entanglement preservability of experimental processes

Shih Hsuan Chen, Meng Lok Ng, Che Ming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Preserving entanglement is a crucial dynamical process for entanglement-based quantum computation and quantum-information processes, such as one-way quantum computing and quantum key distribution. However, the problem of quantifying the ability of an experimental process to preserve two-qubit entanglement in experimentally feasible ways is not well understood. Accordingly, herein, we consider the use of two measures, namely composition and robustness, for quantitatively characterizing the ability of a process to preserve entanglement, referred to henceforth as entanglement preservability. A fidelity benchmark is additionally derived to identify the ability of a process to preserve entanglement. We show that the measures and introduced benchmark are experimentally feasible and require only local measurements on single qubits and preparations of separable states. Moreover, they are applicable to all physical processes that can be described using the general theory of quantum operations, e.g., qubit dynamics in photonic and superconducting systems. Our method extends the existing tools for analyzing channels, e.g., channel resource theory, to quantify entanglement preservability for non-trace-preserving quantum processes. The results are of significant interest for applications in quantum-information processing in which entanglement preservation is required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032403
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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